JULY 15, 2016 A GENUINE ATTEMPT FOR A SYNTHETIC COUP
On July 15, 2016, Turkey experienced a horrific and historic event. During what appeared to be a military coup attempt, the Turkish parliament was bombed, and hundreds of civilians and soldiers lost their lives. This attempt appeared to have been planned and executed with remarkable incompetence and was crushed quickly. The failed attempt has been used as a pretext to launch an unprecedented crackdown by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on his political opponents and the free press, clearing the way for the president to further consolidate power. In this report we examine three narratives about the July 15 attempt. The junta narrative that is voiced by Erdogan and his government, and two narratives voiced by observers, the broad coalition narrative and the collusion narrative.
PURGED BEYOND RETURN?
Amnesty International’s new report analyzes Turkey’s two-year state of emergency, which has resulted in serious human rights violations impacting on hundreds of thousands of individuals from all walks of life. Among them are the almost 130,000 public sector workers who were arbitrarily dismissed and permanently banned from working in the public sector or even in their profession as a whole. These dismissals continue to have devastating effects on those dismissed as well as their families.
Amnesty International’s findings indicate that after more than two years since the first dismissals by emergency decree, dismissed public sector workers still do not have access to an effective remedy. The State of Emergency Inquiry Commission ostensibly set up to serve this purpose, is in effect a rubber stamp for the government’s arbitrary dismissals.
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH TURKEY
What Went Wrong with Turkey is a special issue published by the Fountain to give voice to the thousands of innocent people persecuted by the state terrorism of the Erdoğan regime.
This special issue offers an alternative narrative to what really happened on the night of the attempted coup. The authors in this special issue do not only share what they have observed and read about these recent developments, but they also articulate the great pain and disappointment they feel about what the once-beautiful Turkey has become.
THE STATE OF TURKEY’S CHILDREN & VICTIMS OF UNLAWFULNESS
When we look at Turkey today, we’re confronted with an uncomfortable but undeniable truth: Thousands of children’s lives are currently shattered for no other reason than the family or the circumstances into which they were born.
By the end of August 2017, six hundred sixty-eight (668) children under the age of six are in jails across Turkey with their mothers, detained or arrested as part of the government crackdown on the Hizmet Movement. One hundred forty-nine (149) of these children are infants under a year old.
Journalists and Writers Foundation prepared a new report that discusses the unlawful constraints confronting these children are neither technical nor a matter of resources. They are a matter of political commitment and Turkey’s government crackdown on dissent. It is imperative to join forces and make it a priority to end discrimination and ensure that hundreds of thousands of children are not le behind.
WOMEN’S RIGHTS UNDER ATTACK
Journalists and Writers Foundation’s report analyzes the extent of the Human Rights violations targeting women in Turkey where tens of thousands of women, including housewives, journalists, teachers, academics, physicians, healthcare professionals, and businesswomen, have been detained by the Turkish Government in the aftermath of the attempted coup, for allegedly having links to the Hizmet movement.
Evidence provided in the report indicates that many of the detained women in the aftermath of the coup attempt have been routinely subjected to torture and ill-treatment. Many of them appear to have also been sexually assaulted.
In today’s Turkey, women speaking out on abuses face threats, intimidation, persecution and imprisonment. Women human rights defenders, journalists and other women activists continue to face unique challenges, driven by government-pro- moted discrimination against women and stereotypes about their so-called “appropriate role”, including frequent demeaning statements about women who do not adhere to traditional roles.
Report by the Journalists and Writers Foundation examines the current status of the education system in Turkey. This report demonstrates that the educational institutions including universities, colleges and K-12 schools have been systematically targeted by the Turkish government. By the end of January 2017 the unprecedented assault on education has seen 6,986 academics purged from their positions, along with41,667 teachers and employees of the Ministry of Education. Tens of thousands of educators across the country have been detained and arrested on very serious charges, with no evidence.
The repression on teachers and the assault on the Gülen movement inspired schools abroad, well-known for their excellence in education and among the largest and strong- est rivals of radical Islamic trends around the world, is still ongoing.
In parallel, e orts by the Turkish government, inter alia, through its recently established radical subsidiary (Maarif foundation) to take over Gülen movement inspired schools aim at using them as a springboard in further contributing to youth radicalization and extremism in sovereign countries.
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED IN TURKEY ON JULY 15, 2016?
AfSV examines the evidence around the failed coup attempt of July 15 in Turkey. The growing number of inconsistencies in the narrative put forward by Erdogan and senior Turkish officials in the government, military and intelligence apparatus failed to convince the public.
Publicly, Erdogan has offered conflicting explanations about when and how he became aware of the coup attempt. What’s more, questions abound about who, when and how officials within the government were tipped off about the putsch.
AfSV analyzes the evidence put forth by the Erdogan’s regime and provides an alternative narrative to the events surrounding July 15 failed coup.
This paper will be updated as new information becomes available.
Stockholm Center for Freedom Stockholm Center for Freedom (SCF) published a report on Turkey’s failed coup bid that confirmed long-held suspicions of the putsch being staged by the country’s autocratic president in order for him to grab more powers, set up his critics for mass persecution and push a military incursion into Syria.
THE FAILED MILITARY COUP IN TURKEY & THE MASS PURGES
A CIVIL SOCIETY PERSPECTIVE
AfSV offers a comprehensive analysis of the failed coup attempt of July 15, 2016 and the mass purges following the coup by the Turkish Government.
An attempted coup prompted a massive government crackdown on civil servants and civil society. Those accused of links to the Fethullah Gülen movement were the main target. Over 40,000 people were remanded in pre-trial detention during six months of emergency rule. There was evidence of torture of detainees in the wake of the coup attempt. Nearly 90,000 civil servants were dismissed; hundreds of media outlets and NGOs were closed down and journalists, activists and MPs were detained. Violations of human rights by security forces continued with impunity, especially in the predominantly Kurdish southeast of the country, where urban populations were held under 24-hour curfew.
Turkey ranked among the worst 15 countries on rule of law in an index published last year by the World Justice Project, trailing Iran and Russia. Turkey ranked 99 among 113 countries.
AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION (ABA) RESOLUTION
ABA condemns mass detentions and arrests of Turkish legal community by passing the Resolution 10B against Turkey. ABA calls upon the Republic of Turkey to immediately release each detained judge, lawyer, prosecutor, journalist and any other individual unless there is evidence establishing reasonable grounds to believe that the individual has committed a crime.
POST COUP TURKEY:
State of Emergency, Torture, and Impunity
The state of emergency imposed in the aftermath of the attempted coup granted the Prime Minister and his cabinet the power to rule by decree and bypass Parliament.
Human rights defenders have subsequently documented widespread human rights violations, including alleged cases of extrajudicial executions, arbitrary detention, torture and/or other degrading treatment or punishment, as well as enforced disappearances.
The report details massive destruction and serious rights violations committed between July 2015 and December 2016 in southeast Turkey during Government security operations that have affected more than 30 towns and neighbourhoods and displaced between 355,000 and half a million people, mostly of Kurdish origin.
2017 WORLD PRESS FREEDOM INDEX
Turkey ranks 155 among 180 countries in the world behind even Russia and Ethiopia
The report found that Turkey’s foreign policy has been largely about securing the government’s power at home by growing authoritarian measures. According to the BPC, Turkey’s war against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), its extension of this war into Syria and its campaign against Muslim cleric Fetullah Gülen are all part of this agenda. Report offers that rather than appeasing and enabling Erdoğan’s behavior, Washington must instead tackle the structural and domestic factors that drive it.
A HIZMET APPROACH TO ROOTING OUT VIOLENT EXTREMISM
Based in London, the Centre for Hizmet Studies provides access to reliable information and resources for the serious study of the Hizmet movement. The Centre aims to facilitate, as well as present, critical analysis of Hizmet for both academic and popular audiences. Its activities include research, resource development, online support, discussion forums and print publication.
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH’S REPORT ON TORTURE IN TURKEY
Reinstate Safeguards to Curb Abuse by Police